While you are during the Sardis, Xerxes fell in love with the brand new wife away from their aunt Masistes

The Greek historians Herodotus and Ctesias consider Xerxes’ spouse since Amestris. However some limited linguistic connection amongst the label Amestris plus the identity Vashti (Persian “sht” so you’re able to Greek “st”) appears it is possible to, a more powerful partnership can be obtained involving the Greek Amestris together with Hebrew Esther:

  • The new “is” at the bottom simply a beneficial Greek suffix set in change this new foreign label into correct Greek grammatical means (just as “es” try additional at the end of “Xerxes”).
  • The name Amestris is based in the consonants Meters, S, T, and Roentgen, plus the name since submitted from the Megillah is based up to brand new consonants S, T, and you may Roentgen.

Very possible, that isn’t happenstance; perhaps their unique Persian title is actually including brand new consonants Yards, S, T, and Roentgen, and the M was not managed throughout the Hebrew.

Amestris: Spouse off Xerxes – Herodotus

  • Within his detailed membership out-of Xerxes’ attack push against Greece, the fresh new Persian contingent of the military are demanded by Otanes, who was the daddy out of Xerxes’ spouse Amestris (VII:61).
  • Once bringing-up you to definitely Xerxes’ invasion push joined a town titled Nine Indicates, he writes:

Here, reading you to Nine Indicates is the name of your own place, they [=brand new Persians] buried alive one number of boys and you will maidens, children of the people of the nation. To bury live was good Persian personalized; You will find heard that in case Xerxes’ wife Amestris reached so you’re able to old decades she hidden 14 sons out-of notable Persians, since a many thanks-providing on her very own account into the fabled god of nether world (VII:114).

  • The guy tells a story portraying the latest cruelty regarding Amestris. We have found a quick details of your own story:

(Sardis is in which Xerxes stayed temporarily shortly after the guy began his haven of his intrusion away from Greece prior to he gone back to Susa.) The spouse regarding Masistes rejects their improves. Xerxes after that arranges a wedding anywhere between his young buck Darius additionally the child out-of Masistes, convinced that this should eventually help your entice the Gruppresa postorderbrud caretaker. The storyline continues on during the Susa, for the precise period of the extension unspecified. In the continuation, Amestris gives Xerxes an attractive robe one to wove together with her individual hand. Through this date, Xerxes got transferred his affections into child, today married to help you their son Darius, and you may Xerxes had an affair together with her. Xerxes turns out providing the child brand new gown.

When Amestris discovers, she takes payback with the mother. She delivers to the troops of the royal bodyguard possesses the caretaker mutilated. Lots of their particular parts of the body are purchased stop and are usually tossed on pet. Whenever Masistes observes that which was done to his wife, the guy decides to stir up a beneficial revolt against Xerxes. Finally, Xerxes’ pushes kill Masistes, their sons, and all sorts of the guys not as much as their demand (IX:108-113).

Amestris: Spouse from Xerxes – Ctesias

An after Greek historian, Ctesias (creating immediately following eight hundred B.C.Age.) just who supported given that a health care provider so you can Artaxerxes II plus produces in the Amestris. Of him, i learn the following.

  • Amestris outlives Xerxes and you may passes away once she’s got “grown up very old.”
  • Immediately following years of bombarding, Amestris try in the long run capable convince their child Artaxerxes to allow their particular avenge this new death of a unique son Achaemenides. She actually is in a position to has fifty Greeks decapitated and their commander Inarus impaled, during the revenge getting Inarus along with his men with killed Achaemenides five years earlier, when Inarus had added a great revolt.
  • The woman is because of the expert of the Artaxerxes so you’re able to discipline a physician who ytis to your that have sexual interactions that have your; she instructions him stored in stores and you can tortured for two months, and in the end buried alive.